Everyone's hair is different. But whatever they are: red, smooth, curly - I want to keep them longer in this state of nature as long as possible. Gray hair is not included in the plans of each of us. However, the pace of modern life with stress, bad habits and age-related changes makes its own adjustments. The man starts to turn gray.
Of course, this is a sign of old age most often. But you can turn gray at any age, but why and how to prevent it, the article will tell.
Melanin is responsible for the color of our hair. It is synthesized in the cells of hair follicles. This pigment is the same for everyone, but the more melanin is produced, the darker our curls. In the hair follicles, in addition to melanin, there are special cells that are responsible for the formation of the hair shaft.
Under the influence of a special enzyme - tyrosinase - melanin combines with the protein keratin. Thus, already dyed hair grows. The synthesis of melanin is disturbed, the hair becomes discolored, becomes transparent. However, light is refracted in them, and a person sees them as gray.
With age, melanin is produced less and less, however, the time of hair bleaching is inherent in everyone genetically from birth. The hands of such clocks can neither be accelerated nor slowed down. The clock is ticking and exactly at the appointed time triggers the mechanism of hair depigmentation. It can be at 20 years old, and at 50+.
In addition, the age of gray hair is correlated by race. Europeans start going gray at 40, not earlier, Asians at 35+, and representatives of the Negroid race at 50+. The gray hair is most noticeable in brunettes, blondes have an advantage, but they start to gray earlier! In men, mustaches and beards begin to turn gray, and in women, whiskey and bangs.
A person adequately evaluates gray hair, considering it a merit of age, but not a sign of extreme wisdom. From time immemorial, people have been looking for ways to get rid of this cosmetic defect. But so far only one has been found - paint. But coloring does not solve the problem radically: hair roots grow at a rate of about 10 mm per month. So you have to paint again and again.
Oh, there are so many that you just don't know where to start! Perhaps the most powerful provocateur of gray hair is still stress. Inside each hair there is a thin channel through which moisture circulates. It is assumed that during stress, the concentration of adrenaline rises sharply.
In response to this, the body begins the synthesis of neuropeptides. With the blood flow, they enter the hair follicle, penetrate into the intrahair canal and prevent the association of keratin and melanin.
In addition, the appearance of gray hair is affected by:
- prolonged depression: during this period, the nervous system is depressed, there is a risk of a nervous breakdown, and all this is reflected in the appearance of a person;
- unfavorable ecology, background radiation, which interferes with both the processes of keratinization of curls and the synthesis of melanin;
- problems of the digestive system with poor absorption of nutrients, weakened immunity;
- thyroid pathology;
- unbalanced diet, diet;
Why hair turns gray and how to fix it?
- bad habits;
- genetic predisposition (99% of all cases of premature graying, albinos);
- uncontrolled medication;
- hormonal fluctuations;
- the presence of chronic somatic diseases;
Gray hair is most often physiological and does not threaten your health. But at the same time, it can cause aesthetic discomfort. There is no need to panic. There are many tools that will help eliminate this shortcoming, albeit for a while. It's all about how much time you're willing to spend fighting gray hair. In any case, the appearance of the first gray hair is a signal for action.
You need to start with a comprehensive clinical and laboratory examination. This will help to exclude serious diseases that can cause a violation of melaninosynthesis or protein metabolism. At the same time, you will be convinced of the absence of a genetic predisposition, with which it is generally useless to fight. We must learn to hide this shortcoming, that's all.
You can slow down graying if you pay due attention to your diet. Every day on your table should be present:
- B vitamins - legumes, buckwheat, oatmeal, offal, pork, skim milk, nuts, garlic, spinach, tomatoes;
- copper in the form of poppy seeds, sesame seeds, seeds, bran, cereals, lamb liver;
- folic acid - cod liver, spinach, walnuts;
- iron - millet, rice bran, soybeans, cocoa, legumes, apples, pomegranates;
- selenium - flounder, wholemeal bread, eggs, pork liver.
In the absence of certain products, vitamin-mineral complexes, balanced like Vitrum, for example, will come to the rescue. If there is no result, it is necessary to consult a trichologist, but do not retreat.
Until recently, the course of treatment was limited to the appointment of drugs that block the death of melanin: injections of Magnesia, Antisedin, care products with vitamins and minerals. But! During the existence of this problem, scientists have found people whose gray hair returned to its original color. We understood what the essence of the issue was and decided to repeat the “trick”.
For the first time, a solution to the problem was proposed by the British dermatologist Stanley Comaish at the end of the last century. He saw a 38-year-old patient with part of his head that was gray and part of which retained its color. At the same time, in part of the gray hair, the roots grew back to their original color. Gray hair left them. The scientist did not have time to bring his discovery to its logical conclusion, he died.
And only in our days, the American Martin Picard continued scientific research and came to the conclusion about the uneven aging of the cells of our body. At the same time, hair clearly demonstrates this, becoming indicators of pathological processes in the body. That is, curls have information about past health problems, like annual tree rings. Having digitized the archive of hair data, the scientist came to the conclusion that the growth of gray hair and hair with regrown roots of the former color is different in speed.
Thus, he determined the year of the beginning of the aging of the strands and compared with gray hair those diseases that plagued a person this year. In other words, I found the exact cause-trigger of gray hair.
You understand that, knowing the cause of the pathology, you can learn how to treat it! Same with gray hair. It turns out that it is not a sentence, it can be controlled and corrected. But in all this there is one “but”: this possibility lasts only up to 40 years. Further, gray hair is truly irreversible.
Now scientists face another challenge: to find a substance or mechanism that allows you to restore hair color. So, soon we are waiting for new amazing discoveries.
It was accidentally discovered by other American scientists - Osamu Shimomura, Martin Chalfie and Roger Tsien, who in 2008 became Nobel Prize winners. They have created various forms of the jellyfish's green glowing squirrel.
Scientists have isolated the gene responsible for this protein and learned how to transplant it. The gene in the animal body began to glow and showed everything that was happening there. In the hair follicles of white mice, for example, the adenovirus-linked gene remained inside the follicles and gave rise to natural green hair.
There was hope that in this way at the genetic level it would be possible to remove gray hair. But for now, it's just hope. In addition to green, no analogues were found. Exactly the same at the level of conversations remained the idea of creating a vaccine against gray hair. So for now, we live in hope, and we use proven grandmother's methods: proper nutrition, the absence of bad habits and peace.
Today, medicine offers the following:
- massage of the scalp, which improves blood flow;
- mesotherapy with substances that restore the structure of the strands;
- plasmolifting - to strengthen the immune system;
- laser - to balance blood circulation;
- frequent combing of hair with a brush made of natural bristles;
- movement, sports;
- haircut and coloring curls.
You should not expect miracles: gray hair is still irreversible, but patience and work will overcome everything.